The fundamental right to health for all individuals is stated in several international treaties, including the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women and the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.
According to the World Health Organization, around one billion people worldwide live with disability: that’s one in seven people. An estimated 80 per cent of people with disabilities live in developing countries, and people with disabilities often experience multiple barriers in accessing healthcare.
On 25 September 2015, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a new development framework: ‘Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development’. Agenda 2030 is composed of 17 Sustainable Development Goals (with a total of 169 targets) aimed at eradicating poverty, fighting inequality and tackling climate change between 2015-2030.
Agenda 2030 includes a commitment to ‘leave no one behind’, and contains many references to people with disabilities and women/girls. Goal 3 (Ensure healthy lives and promote wellbeing for all at all ages) is to achieve universal health coverage, ensuring access for every individual to quality, accessible and affordable health care services.
In the context of its Urban Eye Health Programme in Bhopal (India), Sightsavers launched a pilot approach aimed at developing an Inclusive Eye Health (IEH) model and IEH Minimum Standards.
Sightsavers is currently piloting an Inclusive Eye Health (IEH) initiative in Bhopal (India), involving a tertiary eye hospital and six primary vision centres located within urban informal settlements. The project aims to develop an IEH model inspired by principles of inclusion, accessibility, participation and universal design, and informed by a human rights-based approach to inclusive development.
Disability inclusive practices for strengthening comprehensive eye care: a CBM guide in partnership with Sightsavers and other eye health organisations.