Yet this legislation is rarely enforced and, come election day, many of those who want to participate in their country’s democracy still find there are serious barriers standing between them and the ballot box.
In June 2018, ahead of Cameroon’s October presidential election, we visited the town of Mbalmayo in Centre Province and spoke to a group who are part of the Platform of Associations of Persons with Disabilities – which works for the inclusion of its members in workplaces and the community – about the challenges they face when trying to vote.
For Ndong, 48 (pictured above), who has a mobility impairment, access to polling stations and administrative premises is a pressing problem. “Sadly, in one primary school where one had to vote,” he said, “some of us had to vote on the first floor. So you get there and you look at the crowds, and then also having to climb those stairs to go and vote on the first floor. You get discouraged and you just go home.”
Tsogo, a 48-year-old single mother of three, lost her leg six years ago in a car accident, and for her the barriers are financial as well as physical. Before her accident, she had always voted, but now she can’t afford the 10,000 XAF (around €15) for a new ID card, which is necessary for electoral registration.
“There is no respect for people with disabilities,” said Tsogo. When it comes to elections, “they won’t make extra provisions for people with disabilities so they can be in the same space like others so they feel minimised. They feel belittled.”
People with disabilities are often placed in a vulnerable position in terms of accessing the right information, or in finding reliable assistance, when trying to cast their ballots. “Sometimes you go to… vote at the polling station and when you get the ballot papers, you don’t know which one is which,” explained Akoda, also 48, who is blind. “I cannot determine which ballot paper I’m taking; I don’t know where to go after that. So what happens is people pressurise you and say: ‘Go over there, vote and get out of here…’ In the end you’re not very sure what it is you are doing.”
Despite this, Akoda is determined. “I always vote,” he told us. “I haven’t found the situation any better.”
In Cameroon people with disabilities are legally entitled to vote. Yet many of those who want to participate in choosing their political representatives find they are unable to exercise this right, excluded by a series of obstacles both practical and social. Since 2011, with funding support from Irish Aid, Sightsavers has been working with a number of organisations, including Cameroon’s official election body, to raise awareness of this situation, and to support people with disabilities in engaging with the democratic process in their country.